What Should I Do Before, During, And After An Earthquake?


Japan is a country that is prominent in the world for having earthquakes. During the period of one year of my stay in Japan I have had experience approximately 10 , big and small earthquakes or so.  However, as according to Japanese people who know their home the best it is not necessary to always feel anxiety when it comes to “earthquakes”.

That is because  just as much as there are earthquakes, schemes have been made in order for Japan’s architectural structure to be able to withstand earthquakes. Almost all of Japan’s buildings are made to be able to withstand earthquakes to a certain extent.

And if anything, panicking just because an earthquake occurs can be more dangerous. It is best to get your self well informed and prepared. And here below are some basics and useful information that Tulip Real Estates Co., Ltd. has compiled for you.

What to Do Before an Earthquake

  • Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. For Tulip Real Estate Co, Ltd.`s share house , we provide fire extinguishers,flashlight, and extra batteries and other emergency equipment at all houses. Every resident must be taught how to use the fire extinguisher and locations of the emergency kit upon move in procedure.
  • Learn first aid.
  • Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity.
  • Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake.
  • Don’t leave heavy objects on shelves (they’ll fall during a quake).
  • Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor.
  • Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace.

What to Do During an Earthquake

Stay calm! If you’re indoors, stay inside. If you’re outside, stay outside.

  1. Protect yourself

If you’re indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, protect your head with a helmet or cushion, and hide in a safe place, such as under a table. Stay away from windows and outside doors. Running outside is potentially dangerous, because roof tiles and glass may fall on you.

2. Extinguish flames

Major aftershocks can come after the smallest earthquakes. Calmly extinguish any nearby flames.


If you are cooking, oil or boiling water may spill during the quake. Under such circumstances, you should immediately distance yourself from the oil or water and extinguish the flames after the quake stops.

Don’t use matches, candles, or any flame. Broken gas lines and fire don’t mix.

What to Do After an Earthquake

Open your door and secure an escape route

Earthquakes can warp buildings, especially apartment buildings, making it impossible to open doors and escape. Open doors and windows to secure an escape route and prevent yourself from becoming trapped.


Be careful of broken glass

You may injure your feet on broken glass and other objects. Prepare a flashlight and slippers near your bed so you will be able to move safely.  Be careful around broken glass and debris. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet.

Never return to your house

Once you have evacuated, never return to the house to get money or possessions. You may become trapped under debris or caught in a fire. Try to avoid entering your house until safety is confirmed.

Walk to your refuge area

Many emergency vehicles, such as fire engines and ambulances, will be using roads during disasters. Obstructing emergency vehicles immediately increases the damage caused by a disaster. Never use cars during an earthquake.

Where is My Evacuation Area in Tokyo?

Evacuation tips

Avoid phone calls after a disaster

Turn on the radio. Don’t use the phone unless it’s an emergency.

Phone line usage jumps up during disasters because of people trying to confirm the safety of themselves or others. This can obstruct emergency phone calls, such as 110, 119, and utility information.
Please avoid unnecessary phone calls. When you want to confirm the safety of a person, try to use the NTT Disaster Telephone Message Service (171) or make conversations as short as possible.

Calmly obtain accurate information

False rumors and information can spread during disasters, leading to further confusion. Obtain accurate information from the TV or radio and don’t get tricked by misinformation.

What should I do in these stituation?

When walking outside
Take caution against falling objects, such as signs and broken windows. Tools and construction materials can fall down at a construction site. Protect your head with your bag or coat and keep at a distance from tall buildings.
Stone walls and pillars can also fall down and are potentially dangerous.
When driving a car
Firmly hold the steering wheel, gradually reduce speed, park your car on the left side of the road, and stop the engine. Listen to information on the radio and find out what is happening. If you need to evacuate, leave your keys, keep the doors unlocked, and walk away with your car documents and valuables.
When underground or in a subway
The shaking you feel when you are underground is about half of what you would experience over ground. Additionally, underground areas have strong structures and are safer than high-rise buildings. Calmly evacuate, following instructions from shop clerks and subway staff.
When in high-rise buildings
Elevators with earthquake sensors will stop at the nearest floor. Immediately leave the elevator. If you get stuck in the elevator, use the intercom to contact someone outside and wait for rescue.
When you evacuate from buildings, never use elevators, listen to announcements, and use the stairs to leave the building.
When near the ocean
Head for higher ground and carefully listen to tsunami information. Do not go near the ocean until tsunami warnings have been cleared. Don’t even think about going to watch tsunamis!


What`s More

Important Information and Communication Tools

1. Yurekuru Call is an app available for iPhone and Android that sends you a warning if an earthquake might occur in your registered location, which is part of the nationwide early warning system. Many Japanese telephones have this function already built into the phone, so it’s worth asking your mobile company about this if you decide not to go for a smartphone.

For android , please click  here

For Iphone, please click here 

2. The Disaster Emergency Message Dial (171) is a voice message board for communication when a disaster such as an earthquake or volcanic eruption occurs and telephone traffic to the disaster-stricken area increases making it difficult to transmit calls. By entering your landline phone number as a pin code, you can leave a message on the system where other family members who share the same landline number can listen to your message and record theirs as well.

For both channel,  the system prompts are all in Japanese, but if you follow the steps you can still use this valuable tool even if you don’t understand Japanese.

Continue to think about how our residents will have a peace of mind and enjoy Japan and Japanese culture that have so much to offer, we hope that this article would be more or less helpful. And  we hope that you will love Japan, including its difficult natural environment.

With love and care.

International Unit

Tulip Real Estate Co., Ltd.




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